Australia, its history and location.
Australia, formally called the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country that belongs to the property of Oceania. It is the main continental mass that takes up the Sahul platform and is also between the Antartic Indian And Pacific Glaciers Oceans; it really is separated from Asia through the seas of Timor And Arafura. It borders on the countries East Timor Papuan New Guinea And Indonesia the north, Vanuatu, the French depedency of New Caledonia and the Solomon Islands the northeast, and New Zealand to the southeast.
How does historic past of Australia begin?
The history of Australia dates back to the time men arrived on its territory for the first time. Australian aborigines arrived by vessel from the southeast of the Eurasian continent approximately 60,000 years ago, nevertheless, the date is in debate given that Australian history is thought to be several years more extensive since there are no writings of human events prior to contact with Europeans. And, also, around 1,000,000 aborigines already lived in the area when they colonized it.
It is known that Australia had been discovered in the 16th century through Portuguese And Soanish Sailors, but they held the info secret for ideal motives. After that, Dutch explorers done the very first sighting a century later. However, they deemed it an uninhabitable stretch of land that was not well suited for colonization and also left free passing to later British “”.
Captain James Cook.
Although there was other European expeditions before, what exactly is considered as the most satisfactory discovery of Australia was done in the 18th century by the English captain James Cook, who arrived in 1770, claimed the area for the English crown and also got ownership of the Southeast of the tropical island in the name of the king of England.
Cook’s breakthroughs and the acknowledgement of his studies by English authorities, made possible the first European settlement around the continent, therefore it is common to listen to that Cook is the discoverer of the the southern area of land, although the real discovery took place more than A HUNDRED AND SIXTY years just before his trip.
England was especially intrigued by Australia for the reason that saw it as a potential solution to the issue of overpopulation that they dealt with at that time because of the loss in the 13 American colonies and it also was thought to transfer a portion of its residents there. For that reason, on March 13, 1787, eleven 1st Navy boats left Portsmouth, England, to Botany Bay, Australia . By doing so, colonists came and filled the location while displacing aborigines due to the confiscation of the lands and also illnesses.
It has become a Federation.
As soon as the twentieth century came, Australia did not exist as a country: it contained a conglomerate of colonies or autonomous states. But in 1901, the 6 different state governments arranged in a referendum to become a federation and they also selected the common flag that these days remains the flag of Australia.
After the development of Australia as a country, it had been intended to enforce a legislation on immigration control. Nonetheless, when World War II ended, a number of migrants from different places found its way to the nation and, presently, it is the home of people from various areas of the earth.
Source: eTA Australia